What is the importance of Optional Subject in UPSC-IAS Examination?

UPSC provides a list of Optional subjects.  Candidates have to choose one optional for the Main Exam. The Optional subject consists of two papers and each paper accounts for 250 marks. Candidates can choose from the list of Optional subjects that also includes literature subjects (English and Indian languages).

This is the complete list of UPSC Optional subjects for Civil Services Main Examination. You have to opt for any one Optional subject.

  1. Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  2. Anthropology
  3. Botany
  4. Chemistry
  5. Civil Engineering
  6. Commerce and Accountancy
  7. Economics
  8. Electrical Engineering
  9. Geography
  10. Geology
  11. History
  12. Law
  13. Management
  14. Mathematics
  15. Mechanical Engineering
  16. Medical Science
  17. Philosophy
  18. Physics
  19. Political Science and International Relations
  20. Psychology
  21. Public Administration
  22. Sociology
  23. Statistics
  24. Zoology
  25. Literature of anyone the following language: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, English.
  26. Agriculture